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Month: January, 2017

A modest and impossible proposal to resolve our energy needs

The following is a rule of thumb formula and not necessarily terribly accurate given by a professional miner.

The temperature of the Earth increases 10 deg F per 1,000 feet of depth. Therefore a basement is commonly 52 degrees temperature fahrenheit.

Chart 1. Rule of thumb temperatures at various depths using feet and Fahrenheit.

52 F surface
62 F 1,000 feet
72 F 2,000 feet
82 F 3,000 feet
92 F 4,000 feet
102 F 5,000 feet
112 F 6,000 feet
122 F 7.000 feet
132 F 8,000 feet
142 F 9,000 feet
152 F 10,000 feet
162 F 11,000 feet
172 F 12,000 feet
182 F 13,000 feet
192 F 14,000 feet
202 F 15,000 feet
212 F 16,000 feet
222 F 17,000 feet

To heat a house using this guide, I would have to dig down at least 2,000 feet but more likely 3,000 feet as there is bound to be entrophy and a reduction in temperature. This temperature most likely would be transported by the use of heated water from the 3,000 feet level.

A standard furnace often produces 80 degree vent temperatures to keep the temperature at 68 degrees F.

From a practical stand point, using the 52 degrees F. temperature it is easier to heat from 52 than from the average 20 degrees in winter.

So if we went down a thousand feet we would be increasing the temperature manually about 10 degrees F.

Over the life of a house, say 100 years, that is a considerable utility bill savings.

But let us say we wanted to tap the earth’s temperature to boil water. I suggest an insulated pipe going to 16,000 feet would give you a continuous generation of electricity with a steam engine of some kind. The expense of going that deep is huge. Once such a depth is reached you have pollution free energy forever!

Meaning you have to have a substation controlling the pumping of said hot water.

Potentially such a system would generate enormous amounts of electricity without many side effects to worry about.

The real problem is the density of the water under pressures that deep altering the boiling point of water.

Or you tap into the temperature and transmit the heat to a station underground somewhere in between.

The reward of such a temperature at roughly 16K feet is that you have endless energy to work with at no real expense past getting to that depth.

If we could produce housing at approximately 400 feet below the surface it is not too far fetched that a constant temperature of 62 degrees would make utility heating a thing of the past. You would be heating approximately 5 to 10 degrees F.

In our town there is a river running about 400 feet below the surface. Said water is very hard. Meaning heavy mineral content. But it is useable.

The problem is getting materials capable of dealing with the intense pressures of the Earth at those depths.

God only knows if the temperature rule of thumb will be accurate or if there is a continuous increase above the formula 10 degrees F. per thousand feet.

I think that is relative to where you dig.

The exact engineering might differ considerably the deeper you go.

Water at 400 feet could be under considerable pressure.

The Earth itself is full of various liquids. The entire project may be useless if you run into water wells deep in the earth.

There is also the possibility of huge caverns depending on if Limestone is a factor deep in the Earth. More likely it will be granite. Or Iron deposits.

The amount of knowledge we all ready have from geologists is likely to be invaluable when putting it to practical use.

A comparison with nuclear energy with all of its baggage might make this source of energy more practical than nuclear energy is.

The core of the Earth itself is said to be about the same or higher than our Sun.

So the deeper you go, the chart is possibly inaccurate and the temperature rise is far greater than estimated by the rule of thumb.

We may get the same results at 10,000 feet that we have estimated at 16,000 feet.

We may have to only go 4,000 feet down for the same results in some areas near volcanic activity.

Geothermal energy is practical in places like Iceland.

It may be practical every where else once we know more about heat sources within the planet.

 

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The search for the impossible, improbable Planet Nine

First, I am no astronomer. I have taken an interest in astronomy since I was a little boy. But as for the technical side of things I do not have any qualifications to be an astronomer at all.

I am however fairly good at recognizing patterns. And that is where we might find the probable Planet Nine.

In the early history of astronomy we had something called Bode’s Law. Simply put the planets all favor a pattern of general distance from the Sun. Starting with Mercury, at 36 million miles from the Sun, we then come to Venus at 67 million miles out, and then Earth at 93 million miles.

30 million miles between Mercury and Venus. 26 million miles between Venus and Earth. The pattern is similar. Not exact. I think we are doing it wrong.

What we have is a close resemblance between the orbits of the planets and the ripple effect of throwing a large stone into a pond.

The major players in this ripple effect in the inner solar system are Jupiter and the Sun. This ripple effect appears to stay constant between Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

There is a missing planet! It is the necklace of asteroids between Mars and Jupiter where a planet should occur with the ripple effect in place.

I suggest that we have gas giants and iron/nickel core planets and asteroids. We have a number of iron/nickel moons. So many in fact that Jupiter alone has over 61 satellites.

The gas giants fall into two categories. Saturn and Jupiter probably do not have a solid core. Though that is not for sure.

Uranus and Neptune possibly have solid cores with extemely high core temperatures close to that of the Sun. They also have extremely large atmospheres that suggests gas giants. But if they have high temperature cores, then it is possible they have thin crusts as well that are cooler.

I mention this only because Uranus and Neptune both have gravity similar to that of the Earth. To me the logic is that they might have the same iron/nickel hot cores that the Earth has with a considerably deeper and denser atmospheres. It is possible then that both planets might have goldilock zones where life might actually have evolved into something far different than we have on our planet. Namely life that is far larger than our own life supported by a far denser atmosphere than we have here.

Uranus might be a candidate simply because of the extreme slant of the planet in regards to its orbit around the sun. That might include huge electrical storms in the atmosphere.

Neptune has the highest speed winds in the solar system.

With a core temperature approaching 8K F. degrees, a thin layer of Earth type temperatures might exist deep in the planet’s atmosphere. Probably with liquid water involved.

The other factor is a large moon circling the planet.

Large moon means tides.

Next we have a large belt of asteroids and these are not a necklace but a continuous band of matter and small planets.

I would use the ripple effect observed in the other planets to predict where such a ninth planet might exist. That puts it somewhere between 26 million miles and 50 million miles out from the asteroid belt in the outer solar system.

What is problematic is the origin of such a planet might have come from a rogue somewhere out there. That suggests a brown dwarf star in the process of breaking up over millions of years. Such a rogue brown dwarf or sub-brown dwarf likely has a solid surface of iron/nickel spectrum of elements and possibly covered in liquid oceans. The interior heat of the star might be also in the 8K F. range or better. What is important here is that water is explosive. If it gets under the mantle of such an object it could very well explode extreme amounts of heavy matter off it’s surface into outer space. The atmosphere of said object is neither a star anymore or a planet and it most likely has a very light gravitational pull for its size. It more than likely has generated Earth/Venus sized planets currently rotating as moons around the star. In rare incidences such a planet may have entered orbit around the Sun between Jupiter and the Sun. Thus giving a possible origin of the inner planets Mars, Earth, Venus, and Mercury. I am suggesting gravity in the range of 2-5 earth gravity. It could be much higher or lower. I am guessing. It could be 10 times the gravity of Earth. Which suggests creating planets might be extremely rare occurances. I am suggesting that at least 6 or 7 such objects rotate around the planet and at least one has escaped the gravity all together to be where planet nine might be using the ripple pattern effect to determine where it is.

There is a probability said planet is in an extreme comet-like orbit. Then the ripple effect may not apply. Said planet may be rotating around the Sun opposite to every planet we know about.

Such an origin might explain Venus. Venus has some very strange things about it including a rotation larger than its year.

The other possibility is the star and its planets are moving in direct opposition to the orbits of the planets inside the outer asteroid belt. So until it reaches one of the big four(Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus or Neptune) it is traveling the wrong direction around the Sun. Such a conflict might include a lot of heat.

If Earth sized planets were created in this manner more than likely they would be flung outside the solar system. Rarely in the cases of Earth, Mars, Mercury and Venus, they stabilized between Jupiter and the Sun.

The deciding factor might be water that came from the star itself. Since the star no longer is a star but a huge planet with an iron/nickel core and enough energy left to have a hot core then liquid water is a natural conclusion and is probable around most of the major moons of the solar system in one form or another. I am proposing that the star has a huge ocean over most of the planet/star and said object is probably at least 1-2 light years out. Do not know if it is in a stable obit around the Sun that far out.

The question in my mind is could life have originated there and then get planted where ever a goldilocks zone exists.

Said life would then be capable of using food from the Earth. Common origin with life on the Earth being a factor.

Our legends and myths do contain indications that so called “gods” from space were capable of hybrid children between them and us. Also said “gods” did eat the same foods as we do.

Our own bible refers to mankind being an artificial creation in the pattern of the “gods”.

Said gods beings larger than us and also with a very long lifespan. Said gods referred often to as being immortal.

As theories go, this is one of my wilder notions. But it is very possible.

I would look for a planet rotating around the Sun in accordance with the ripple effect outside the outer asteroid belt. It is most likely orbiting the wrong direction around the Sun and it is most likely about the size of Uranus. Although it could also be much smaller and much denser with a gravity similar though higher than that of the Earth. Said object most likely would then have a gravity of less than 3 times that of the Earth.

I would suggest it is 30-50 degrees off the dish-like orbits of most of the other planets. Probably has oceans and probably is virtually invisible from space.

 

 

If I were Trump, this is how I would keep getting people behind me.

The most famous politician to get re-elected time after time after time was FDR.

How did he do it?

I think his use of the radio program format did it for him.

He had fireside chats with the American People. The average person out there and bypassed the politicians all together.

And I think that is what Donald must do if he is to keep the American People informed as to what he is doing in the White House and the opposition he is running against. He must start a similar program on the internet to the Fireside Chat format used by FDR.

The advantage to this will only work if he asks questions of people and then sits back and listens to what they have to say in a non-committed neutral format. The minute he opens his mouth and starts ranting it won’t work.

When they expose government bureaus doing what they do best which is corruption, then he can step in and change things. Not before.

Needs to confirm the truth of the matter. That means the standard investigation format of questions Why, What, How, Where, and When.

It is all right to pin people down if it is done diplomatically and gently.

Mr. Trump has to come across as a family figure, a father figure in his image. Not an easy thing to do. What it does do is make him the most popular President in history